Various Soap Making Process
Method #1. Melt and Pour
The melt and pour method could be the simplest method to use.
1. Buy a pre-made soap base.
2. Melt the soap base into a liquid.
3. Add extra ingredients like soap dye, essential oils, herbs and nutrients.
4. Pour the soap into your mold of choice.
5. Decorate and design if desired
6. Let it harden.
It is a wonderful way for beginners to start out making their own soap. You could also create detailed works of art as gifts, for display or for own use. Use of scents, colors and different molds will make this process very interesting and fun!
Method #2: Cold Process
This process involves creating your own soap base from scratch. It is through a chemical reaction called saponification.
Saponification process is the grouping of a base and an acid. Sodium Hydroxide, also known as lye (which is your base) is mixed with an oil or fat, (which is your acid) to form soap.
As the chemical reaction occurs, other ingredients are added. Some of these additional components change with the reaction, and some remain the same, but are embedded within the soap.
Cold process method is apparently the more popular technique for home soap makers.
With this technique, you get the extra value of knowing exactly what goes into every bar of soap and are able to completely eliminate the use of artificial ingredients.
Method #3: Hot Process
Hot process soap becomes harder much faster than soap produced using the cold process method, which takes few weeks to cure.
The hot and cold methods of making soap are very similar, each using the same base recipes and combining the ingredients in similar ways.
Difference between hot process methods is this requires an external heat source to bring the soap to the gel phase before it is placed in a soap mold. Cold process uses its own self-generated heat to reach the gel phase after it is placed into the soap mold.
Hot process method needs more time as need to watch over it while it is cooking. The look of the soap tends to be a little bit on the rustic side and does not have as smooth of a finish as the cold process method. Some soap design ideas are not possible with this method.